Augusto César Sandino was a Nicaraguan revolutionary. Sandino led a rebellion from 1927 to 1933 against the U.S. military occupation in Nicaragua. Sandino and his troops waged war against them because of American exploits of resources, land and the campesinos of Nicaragua. Sandino escaped capture from the U.S. National Guard and he continued his campaign.
It was not until 1933 when US troops withdrew from the country after overseeing the election and inauguration of President Juan Bautista Sacasa that he could return from exile. In 1934, Sandino was invited to discuss a peace treaty but was instead assassinated by the National Guard. Sandino is revered in Nicaragua, and was named a “national hero” by the nation’s congress. His political legacy was claimed by the Sandinista National Liberation Front, which overthrew the Somoza dictatorship in 1979.