Anacaona in Arawak (indigenous language of the Taíno) means Golden Flower. She was the last cacique (chief) of the Taíno people. Anacaona was a Queen and a composer of songs and poems, making her popular among her people. She was the ruler of Xanagua (current day Haiti and Dominican Republic). In 1492, the Spaniards arrived to the shores of Hispaniola led by Christopher Columbus and began to colonize.
The Spaniards treated the natives very cruelly, and when she led the revolt, the Spanish governor of Haiti ordered the arrests of several native nobles, including Anacaona, who was eventually captured and executed. Anacaona’s legacy is still strong within Haiti and the Dominican Republic as well as Latin America.